Reforestation and restoration of degraded mangrove coastal areas in Kenya.
What is Blue Carbon?
Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. Learn more
What is area?
Area indicates the geographic size of the forest being restored or protected. One sport field is about a hectare in size.
Verified Carbon Standard
EXPECTED ANNUAL CO2 REDUCTION
To compare, this is equivalent of taking 3544 cars off the road.
*May vary depending on the actual verified biomass growth
trees to be planted
UN Sustainable Development Goals addressed
Mangroves stabilise the soil and prevent agricultural runoff. They also provide a breeding ground for fish which helps to feed the villagers.
The project invests in schools and education for local children.
The project creates jobs and income-generating activities for thousands of local people.
Mangroves create better quality of water and air, benefiting the health of the local population, but also impacting the global ecosystems and people's health.
At least 80% of project employees are women. This set up helps to improve equality and power dynamics, while providing opportunities to women.
Sustainable work opportunities and growth empowerment for the 20 years following the initial tree planting. Young people engaged with the project acquire useful skills in drone-based monitoring and carbon stock evaluation.
Mangrove trees are climate superheroes. Each tree sequesters carbon and helps to mitigate climate change.
Healthy forests provide habitat for animals and birds.
Mangrove roots protect coral reefs and provide a safe haven for the fish.
Threats to the most productive carbon capture and storage ecosystem on Earth
Mangroves sequester up to five times more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than other types of forest. Nevertheless, they are among the world's most vulnerable subtropical and tropical habitats with global losses already in excess of 50%.
Losses of mangroves release large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, arising from the destruction of their biomass and the release of the large carbon stocks held in their soils.
Deforestation in Kenya
Kenya experiences deforestation for agricultural conversion and pastures.
Today Kenya faces high rates of deforestation which endanger its fauna and flora as well as people's well-being. During the last 60 years, the forest cover in the country has dropped by 40%, losing about 12,000 hectares annually. Poverty is the main driver for deforestation, as people have to rely on charcoal for cooking and have to clear forests for agriculture. The lack of knowledge about the impact of deforestation is also a big driver.
Timber production is one of the key causes of mangrove deforestation: Mangrove is a cheap, strong and durable building material. It also makes for high quality charcoal and good firewood.
Rising infrastructure and development increases demand for mangrove resources and drives mangrove loss.
Air temperature and rainfall regimes influence mangrove distribution, abrupt changes in sea level are the primary cause of extinctions.
The project aims to restore 500 hectares of severely degraded mangroves in Shirazi and Bodo areas of Kwale province and other regions of Kenya during 2021-2023.
The potential for further replanting and forest protection is over 15,000 hectares. To realize this restoration potential Vlinder is partnering with the Kenya Forest Service and Umita, an impact project management company. The planters for the project are all members of CBOs (community-based organizations), who live in the area and have been caring for the forests for years. With the expertise from the local government, the CBOs will become long-term ecosystem stewards and enable the project's long-term success.
To ensure the project's long-term sustainability, Vlinder uses a community-based model to provide skills and jobs for the people who depend on mangroves fore their livelihoods, which supports families and gender equality.
By conducting continuous plantation maintenance, protection, and monitoring for the entire project period of 20 years, Vlinder contributes to making the lives of thousands of people residing in the project area more resilient to extreme weather events.
Mangrove ecosystems serve as nurseries for fish, marine life and coral reefs, tropical birds, crocodiles and white elephants
Mangrove forests are biodiverse habitats of great ecological significance.
Mangrove roots act as a filtration system and capture silt preventing siltation in seagrass meadows and on coral reefs
The project introduces income generating activities and reduces poverty among the country's vulnerable coastal communities:
50% of the project's carbon credits are shared with the local stakeholders which gurantees sustainability
Protecting people in the project area from extreme weather events (tsunamis, floods)
Fully addressing community firewood needs by providing woodlots and solar-powered cookstoves
Improving food security and food diversity
Support to women: they make up more than two thirds of the project's local staff
Community education and upskilling
Value-added livelihoods and new revenue streams (e.g. sustainable crab and shrimp farms, production of natural dyes from mangroves)
New jobs for local people
"We at Umita have over 20 years of experience in community engagement and social development. The aspirations of the communities take centre-stage in our interventions. Having the full support of the Kenya Forest Service is very important to the success of our project and its long-term sustainability. We are happy to partner with Vlinder as they understand the value of community-first approach."
CEO at Umita
Photos from the site
Team's field visit to site locations
Social programme and alternative livelihoods design completed
Nurseries tree count is carried out and mapping data is collected
May - June 2021
GIS mapping finished, first trees planted
Invest in Vlinder Blue Carbon
Help restore mangrove areas, improve lives of vulnerable communities and get carbon credits.
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Risks disclosure: Robust legal frameworks and safeguarding measures have been put in place both by Worldview International Foundation and Vlinder to minimise the risks. The detailed risk assessment has been carried out and approved by Verra. Vlinder risk matrix is available upon request.
Sovereign: land tenure uncertainty, corruption, change of power. Social: local community unrest, military conflict. Natural: predation by crabs, pests and extreme weather events. Financial: carbon price fluctuation. Technological: risks associated with blockchain uptake.